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Box 302, Concord, MA 01742
Tel: 978-897-9969

Program Notes


Clare Grundman, composer

Concord is based on three traditional tunes from old New England: "The White Cockade," William Billings’ "America," and "Yankee Doodle." "The White Cockade" is a fife and drum marching tune widely known during the days of the American Revolution. "America" was written by William Billings (1746-1800), an ardent patriot, amateur musician, and tanner by trade. He attempted to create a new kind of hymn for the New England church, which resulted in an outpouring of hymn tunes such as "America," which reflects the independent spirit of the young nation at its birth. "Yankee Doodle" is the folk song most widely associated with the Revolutionary War. It had spread throughout the colonies by the mid-eighteenth century, and was very popular as a tune for jigs and country dances.

—published score


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